- Permanent Member and holder of the Chancellor's Chair Professor of Theoretical Physics at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics
- Professor of Physics, Department of Physics at University of California, Santa Barbara, U.S.A.
- 2004 Nobel Prize Winner in Physics
Gross received his bachelor’s and master’s degrees from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1962. He received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1966 then spent three years as Junior Fellow at Harvard University. In 1973 he was promoted to Professor at Princeton University and in 1986, named Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics there. He served as Director of the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics (KITP) at the University of California, Santa Barbara from 1997 to 2012 and is presently a Permanent Member at the KITP where he holds the Chancellor's Chair Professor in Theoretical Physics. Gross also was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Montpellier, France.
In 1973, Gross, working with Frank Wilczek at Princeton University, discovered asymptotic freedom, which holds that the closer quarks are to each other, the less the strong interaction (or color charge) between them; when quarks are in extreme proximity, the nuclear force between them is so weak that they behave almost as free particles. In 2004, Gross was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of asymptotic freedom, along with Frank Wilczek and David Politzer.